Logical Reasoning-Essential Part


Logical Reasoning


1. Choose the word that is necessary for the word given in the question: Book

A. Learning
B. Pages
C. Pictures
D. Fiction

Answer : B. Pages

Explanation :
The necessary part of a book is its pages; there is no book without pages. Not all books are fiction, and not all books have pictures. Learning may or may not take place with a book.
2. Choose the word that is necessary for the word given in the question: Guitar

A. Band
B. Strings
C. Songs
D. Teacher

Answer : B. Strings

Explanation :
A guitar does not exist without strings, so strings are an essential part of a guitar. A band is not necessary to a guitar. Guitar playing can be learned without a teacher. Songs are byproducts of a guitar.
3. Choose the word that is necessary for the word given in the question: Shoe

A. Laces
B. Sole
C. Leather
D. Walking

Answer : B. Sole

Explanation :
All shoes have a sole of some sort. Not all shoes are made of leather nor do they all have laces. Walking is not essential to a shoe.

4. Choose the word that is necessary for the word given in the question: Knowledge

A. Learning
B. Wisdom
C. Power
D. Excellence

Answer : A. Learning

Explanation :
We can gain knowledge only through learning. Wisdom, Power, Excellence all these terms are other word for knowledge.
5. Choose the word that is necessary for the word given in the question: Respiration

A. Carbon monoxide
B. Circulation
C. Oxygen
D. Mouth

Answer : C. Oxygen

Explanation :
A person or animal must take in oxygen for respiration to occur. A mouth is not essential because breathing can occur through the nose. Choices A and B are clearly not essential and can be ruled out.
6. Choose the word that is necessary for the word given in the question: School

A. Learning
B. Report card
C. Test
D. Student

Answer : D. Student

Explanation :
Without students, a school cannot exist; therefore, students are the essential part of schools. The other choices may be related, but they are not essential.

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